Friday, July 27, 2007
When I grow up, I am black
When I go in sun, I am black
When I scared, I am black
When I sick, I am black
and when I die, I am still black
and you White fella
When you born, you're pink
When you grow up, you're white
When you go in sun, you're red
When you cold, you're blue
When you scared, you're yellow
When you sick, you're green
and when you die, you're grey
and you calling me coloured??
This poem was nominated for the best poem of 2005,
written by an African kid. What an amazing thought from a little kid!
Thanks for sis sebeningdoamalam who has communicated this poem to me.
Monday, July 23, 2007
Now what is exactly ozone? Ozone (O3) is toxic to all life forms at high concentrations, but it is an unavoidable fact that this Oh-Three gas is important in the atmosphere because it acts as a shield to protect the earth from relentless solar radiation. If more ozone layer was depleted, more solar radiation will batter the earth causing a dramatic increase in the incidence of various skin tumours and eye cataracts.
The most contributors of the ozone depletion is the excessive use of chemicals like chlorofluorocarbons or CFCs, this is familiar to many as the Freons used widely in (old) air-conditioners and (old) fridges. Why those CFCs are very popular in use? The asnwer is simple: because they are inexpensive and very stable, yet not toxic, flammable nor corrosive. CFCs are ideal for many applications. They are used in aerosol cans as propellants, as solvents, as refrigerants (like the ones used in old air-conditioners and old fridges), as fire extinguishers and even they are ideal for blowing bubbles into fomaed plastic insulation.
But alas, the stability of the CFCs itself that takes the toll! CFCs do persist in the environment or in the atmosphere, it makes the chemical to slowly find the way to the upper atmosphere where they go through a series of reactions that eventually result in ozone depletion. These series of reactions involve ultraviolet light from the sun which strikes a CFC moelcule. The carbon-chlorine bond is broken, producing a very reactive free radical Cl.. The chlorine free radical then reacts with ozone to produce oxygen and ClO. The chemical reactions that take place is depicted below:
CFCl3 ---------------> CFCl2 + Cl.
Cl. + O3 -----------> ClO. + O2
Recognition of the problem led governments in the world to take action before it's gone too late. And worldwide efforts to reduce the use of CFC began with an international agreement reached in 1987. A total ban of CFCs was reached in 1996 worldwide including in our country, Indonesia.
(Written by Yari NK, simplified from various sources)
Tuesday, July 17, 2007
"Sir, shall we shoot down that plane too?" asked the soldier
"Save the rocket for the next plane son!" replied the commander
"But why??" wondered the soldier
"Don't worry son! The plane will hit the ground sooner or later without having to be shot down!" replied the commander calmly.
Retold in English by Yari NK
Sunday, July 15, 2007
INDONESIA 1 SAUDI ARABIA 2
This is not about political stuff, this is not about war whatsoever. It is just about soccer or football. It is in AFC Asian Cup 2007, the Saudis beat us in our own homeland! A goal from a header in injury time is really a cruel especially if you've been playing a draw for 90 minutes! The goal resulted from a free kick just outside a penalty box. The high ball landed on a Saudi player's (I forgot his name, instead heck who cares??) head whose will net it to make a score! What a disastrous result! Ok enough! I can't say anything more!
Friday, July 13, 2007
Wednesday, July 11, 2007
Ok now let's get back to my own callus. The pain escalated and reached its peak in February when I had to curve my foot whenever I walked on a hard and flat surface. But in March the hardened skin started to peel off and left a small ugly pit on my foot, but after the hardened skin peeled off the pain was almost gone! No bleeding wound was produced from the peel-off. But soon after I noticed that the pit began to develop another hardened skin. I thought at first it was a normal skin developping to seal the pit. But I was wrong it was another callus since it's overgrown the normal level of the skin. But this time the bumpy callus caused less pain. Until two weeks ago I noticed that the hardened skin began to flake off again, and it left no pit as left by the previous peel-off. And the pain is getting less and less. And I hope in the near future the callus will be completely gone! Pray for me!
Monday, July 9, 2007
Sunday, July 8, 2007
PT RAJA MAS
JL. RAJAMANTRI KULON III/15
KEC. BANDUNG SELATAN
In this posting I'd like to take you to read an Indonesian address. It might be very useful for those who want to visit the country (It happens to be my country!). That imaginary address above is a typical Indonesian address. Like an address in any countries, an Indonesian address also has its uniqueness though it is not hard to understand it. Now let's examine each line of the address above:
ARIEF KEMALUDIN, is a name of the addressee. In Indonesia the last name is not necessarily a family name or a surname. There are lots of Indonesian names that don't bear a surname. So in this case, Kemaludin is not necessarily a surname. To identify whether the last name is a given name or a surname in an Indonesian name is very tricky, and there are no specific ways to identify it.
PT RAJA MAS, is signifying a corporation. PT is more or less identical to Co., or Ltd. in English. Some smaller businesses may bear the acronym Fa (Firma) or CV (Commanditaire Vennootschap). But the use of CV has become obsolete since it is derived from Dutch acronym. Alongside with PT, some company's names also bear an acronym 'Tbk." on the tail. It signifies that the company is a public company.
JL. RAJAMANTRI KULON III/15,
JL. is an abbreviation of 'Jalan' which in English is translated as 'street' or 'road'
RAJAMANTRI KULON III, is the name of the street. The roman numeral III on the name signifies that there are other streets which are called RAJAMANTRI KULON. There are RAJAMANTRI KULON I and RAJAMANTRI KULON II somewhere in the vicinity. And the number 15 signifies the number of the building. It is very common to separate the numeral III and the number 15 with a slash (/) in Indonesian address. But the using of 'No.' in place of the slash has become increasingly popular in Indonesia. So, JL. RAJAMANTRI KULON III No. 15 is identical to JL. RAJAMANTRI KULON III/15.
KEC. BANDUNG SELATAN
Those three lines above are the names of the localities in Indonesia. In personal or business letters, since the introduction of post code in Indonesia, the using of these localities in the letters has become obsolete. But if you come to Indonesia and if you would like to find a building, this information containing these localities' names are very helpful.
Bandung is the name of the city while 40265 is the post code. The post code in Indonesia always consists of 5 digits. If you find the number 1, 4, 5 and 6 in the first digit of the post code. It signifies that the address in the island of Java, the most populous island in the archipelago.
(Written by: Yari NK)
Friday, July 6, 2007
Saccharine: This is the oldest sugar substitute. This artificial sweetener is approximately 300 times sweeter than sugar though often it leaves a bitter aftertaste. The upside of saccahrine is the stability of the molecular structure in high temperature and it does not react with other food's ingredients biochemically. So at the first place I think this will be the perfect substitute for sugar, at least before I read the next article about saccharine indicating that this artificial sweetener if used over a long period of time may give rise to malignant growth. At least the results in the labs on certain animal support such hypothesis. And the United States banned the use of saccharine in 1977. But later experiments from the labs show that no correlation between the malignant growth and the normal usage of saccharine! Scientists said that the malignant growth caused by saccharine on the labs' animal might be induced by ridiculously high dosage of saccharine given to the animal. The dosage of saccharine given in the experiments was hundreds of times higher than normal dose of human consumption. In 1991, the United States had lifted the ban over saccharine.
Cyclamate: Cyclamate is another artificial sweetener. Its sweetness is 30 - 50 times than that of sugar though it is not necessarily linear since for some people cyclamate leaves strong unpleasant or bitter aftertaste make cyclamate less favourite choice as the sugar substitute. The United States banned the use of cyclamate until today but in some 50 countries in the world including Canada, cyclamate is still approved as the sweetener. Some bacteria in the digestive system are suspected to produce cyclohexylamine from cyclamate to give rise to chronic toxicity in some experiments with animals. In the lab, the increase usage of cyclamate also results in the increased incidence of cancer. But later studies in both the UK and the US found that they could not reproduce the same result from such experiments done earlier! However, cyclamate is nowhere to be found here in the Indonesian market and it is enough for me to strike out cyclamate from the list! As simple as that!
Aspartame: The most popular artificial sweetener in Indonesian market. We will find easily products that come with this sweetener in diet products! According to an article I read, in our body, aspartame will be broken down into aspartic acid, phenylalanine and methanol (this one is highly toxic!). And further breakdown will produce formaldehyde (I remember some time ago in Indonesia there were products of noodles and meatballs or bakso containing this toxic ingredient!). For those who were born with phenylketonuria, aspartame can be a serious hazard to their health! In some experiments there is an indication that there is a relationship between the higher dosage of aspartame and the higher incidence of cancer. However up to now, there are no countries in the world are reported to ban aspartame from the market!
Xylitol: This is considered to be the 'safest' artificial sweetener. The reason is simple, that's because xylitol naturally occurs in the nature especially in some eucalyptic plants and in some berries! Yet more researches still need to be done to ensure the safety of xylitol over a long period of consumption! But for those of you who live in Indonesia and want to get this sweetener, it means you have to pay extra money since the nearest drugstore who sells this kind of sweetener is in Singapore!! Wait a minute! I thought I saw that Xylitol in a local supermarket! Yeah! Don't be fooled, it is Xylitol the gum from Lotte, not the sweetener itself! You get it??
Well, out of four artificial sweeteners outlined above I think I have to stick to aspartame because so far it is the best alternative especially when the availability comes in the first point of the list. It leaves me no choice. What about you people? Do you think it otherwise? Or do you have a better suggestion?
(Written by: Yari NK)
Wednesday, July 4, 2007
der Kellner (K) : Ja. (The Waiter (W): Yes.)
G : Dann bitte ein Glas Käse (G : Then please a glass of cheese)
K : Ein Glas Käse? (W: a glass of cheese?)
G : Ja. (G: Yes.)
K : Sie meinen : ein Stück Käse?? (W : you mean a slice of cheese??)
G : Nein, ich meine ein Glas Käse! (G: No I mean a glass of cheese!)
K : Entschuldigung, ein Glas Käse haben wir nicht. (W: I'm sorry, we don't have a glass of cheese.)
G : Was haben Sie denn? (G : Then what do you have?)
K : Kartoffelsalat, Würtschen, Kotelett, Schinken..... (W: potato salad, sausage, pork chop, ham....)
G : Gut, dann bitte ein Stück Kartoffelsalat! (G: Good, then please a slice of potato salad!)
K: Ein Stück Kartoffelsalat?? (W: A slice of potato salad??)
G: Ja. (G: Yes)
K: Sie meinen einen Teller Kartoffelsalat? (W: You mean a plate of potato salad?)
G: Nein, ich meine ein Stück Kartoffelsalat (G: No, I mean a slice of potato salad)
K: tut mir leid, ein Stück Kartoffelsalat haben wir nicht! (W: I'm sorry, we don't have a slice of potato salad either!)
G: Dann nicht - Haben Sie was zu trinken? (G: you don't? - Do you have something to drink?)
K : Bier, Limonade, Wein, Sekt..... (W: Beer, Lemonade, Wine, Champagne......)
G: Gut, dann bitte ein Teller Bier! (G: Good, then please a plate of beer!)
K : Einen Teller Bier?? (W: A plate of beer??)
G: Ja. (G: Yes.)
K: Sie meinen ein Glas Bier? (W: You mean a glass of beer?)
G: Nein, ich meine einen Teller Bier (G: No, I mean a plate of beer)
K: Verzeihung, einen Teller Bier haben wir nicht. (W: I'm sorry, we don't have a plate of beer.)
G: Was haben Sie deen überhaupt? (G: What do you really have then?)
K: Nun, wir haben zum Beispiel Käse, Omelett.... (W: Well, we have something like cheese, Omelette...)
G: Gut, dann bitte ein Glas Käse... (G: Cool, then please a glass of cheese....)
K: ... (W: ...)
(Retold from: Themen 1, Kursbuch, Lehrwerk für Deutsch als Frendsprache)
Tuesday, July 3, 2007
Monday, July 2, 2007
But now, 7 years after the turnover of the millennium, what is the 'best' or the 'most advanced' technology that we've got at home? Internet? PCs and laptops? Cellphones? DVD Players? Digital (Video) cameras? Plasma/LCD screens? What else do you think that we did not see in the 1970s but we do have it today? Can you think of something else? Never mind! It is of no importance, besides this is also only a frivolous posting!